List an antidote (1 drug specific to the agent) in the event of an overdose with each of the agents listed below in the table.

Agent

Antidote

Benzodiazepines

 

Beta blockers

 

Cyanide

 

Digoxin

 

Iron

 

Methanol, Ethylene glycol

 

Methemoglobinemia

 

Organophosphate

 

Opiates

 

Paracetamol

 

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College Answer

Agent

Antidote

Benzodiazepines

Flumazenil

Beta blockers

Glucagon, adrenaline

Cyanide

Na thiosulfate, hydroxocobalamin,

Digoxin

Fab,

Iron

Desferrioxamine

Methanol, Ethylene glycol

Ethanol, 4 -methylpyruvate

Methemoglobinemia

Ascorbic acid, methylene blue

Organophosphate

Atropine, pralidoxime

Opiates

Naloxone

Paracetamol

N-Acetylcysteine

Discussion

This question closely resembles Question 28.1 from the second paper of 2009.

It has fewer drugs in its table, but otherwise it is essentially the same.