List 3 causes of a mid-diastolic murmur over the apex
° Mitral stenosis
° Severe aortic regurgitation – Autin Flint murmur
° Severe mitral regurgitation
° Significant left to right shunt – VSD, PDA
° Atrial myxoma
° Carey-Coombs murmur
This is a repeat question.
For some reason the college love their mid-diastolic apical murmurs.
Clinical Examination of the Critically Ill Patient, 3rd edition by L.I.G. Worthley - which can be ordered from our college here.
Clinical Examination: whatever edition, by Talley and O'Connor. Can be acquired any damn where