Give two causes for this appearance of the ultrafiltrate from a CVVHDF circuit.
Rupture of filter membrane
Its difficult to find a reference for this. The appearance is clearly that of blood, or at least haemoglobin. How did this happen?
Well; its one of the following possibilities:
Sutter, Mark, et al. "Hemodialysis complications of hydroxocobalamin: a case report." Journal of Medical Toxicology 6.2 (2010): 165-167.