a)           What types of ECMO (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation) are available and what are their indications?

b)         List three (3) complications of ECMO.

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College Answer

a)           What types of ECMO (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation) are available and what are their indications?

Veno-Arterial: Cardiogenic shock
Veno-Venous; Respiratory failure

b)         List three (3) complications of ECMO.

Bleeding, thromboembolism, infection, trauma to vesels

Discussion

This question closely resembles Question 11 from the 2nd paper of 2010.

Instead of repeating the list of indications and complications, I will instead link to summaries of ECMO topics I had prepared earlier: