You are called to a cardiac arrest. The following rhythm was evident on your arrival and the patient was pulseless.
Image provided in examination paper
a) List 5 causes of this presentation
This is PEA
• Tension pneumothorax
It is difficult to justify a prolonged discussion for something like this.
The image I have provided is from LITFL, and demonstrates hypothermia with shiver artefact, but really any sort of organised electrical activity would have sufficed.