Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the following three techniques for assessing fluid responsiveness:
a) Pulse pressure variation. (40% marks)
b) Passive leg raising. (30% marks)
c) Fluid bolus. (30% marks)
(Note to candidates: details of how the techniques are performed are not required.)
|Pulse pressure variation||
|Passive leg raise||
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Vincent, Jean-Louis, Maurizio Cecconi, and Daniel De Backer. "The fluid challenge." (2020): 1-3.