With reference to intensive care outcomes, discuss the advantages and limitations of each of the following endpoints as a measure of quality of care:
a) ICU mortality. (25% marks)
b) Hospital mortality. (25% marks)
c) 90-day mortality. (25% marks)
d) 1-year functional outcome. (25% marks)
This question is identical to Question 25 from the first paper of 2013.
|1-year functional outcome||
Young, Paul, et al. "End points for phase II trials in intensive care: Recommendations from the Australian and New Zealand clinical trials group consensus panel meeting." Critical Care and Resuscitation 15.3 (2013): 211. - this one is not available for free, but the 2012 version still is:
Young, Paul, et al. "End points for phase II trials in intensive care: recommendations from the Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Group consensus panel meeting." Critical Care and Resuscitation 14.3 (2012): 211.
Suter, P., et al. "Predicting outcome in ICU patients." Intensive Care Medicine20.5 (1994): 390-397.
Martinez, Elizabeth A., et al. "Identifying Meaningful Outcome Measures for the Intensive Care Unit." American Journal of Medical Quality (2013): 1062860613491823.
Tipping, Claire J., et al. "A systematic review of measurements of physical function in critically ill adults." Critical Care and Resuscitation 14.4 (2012): 302.
Gunning, Kevin, and Kathy Rowan. "Outcome data and scoring systems." Bmj319.7204 (1999): 241-244.
Woodman, Richard, et al. Measuring and reporting mortality in hospital patients. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2009.
Vincent, J-L. "Is Mortality the Only Outcome Measure in ICU Patients?."Anaesthesia, Pain, Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine—APICE. Springer Milan, 1999. 113-117.
Rosenberg, Andrew L., et al. "Accepting critically ill transfer patients: adverse effect on a referral center's outcome and benchmark measures." Annals of internal medicine 138.11 (2003): 882-890.
Burack, Joshua H., et al. "Public reporting of surgical mortality: a survey of New York State cardiothoracic surgeons." The Annals of thoracic surgery 68.4 (1999): 1195-1200.
Hayes, J. A., et al. "Outcome measures for adult critical care: a systematic review." Health technology assessment (Winchester, England) 4.24 (1999): 1-111.
RUBENFELD, GORDON D., et al. "Outcomes research in critical care: results of the American Thoracic Society critical care assembly workshop on outcomes research." American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine 160.1 (1999): 358-367.