a) Outline the surgical differences between the following operations for carcinoma of the oesophagus:
b) List the complications of the above procedures that are of relevance to the ICU management.
c) Outline specific post-operative management strategies of an oesophagectomy patient that reduce mortality and morbidity. (25% marks)
a) Surgical differences between the following operations, for 15% of the marks, would have to be relatively brief:
c) Post-operative strategies that reduce morbidity and mortality:
Flanagan, Jennifer C., et al. "Esophagectomy and gastric pull-through procedures: surgical techniques, imaging features, and potential complications." Radiographics 36.1 (2016): 107-121.
Paul, Subroto, and Raphael Bueno. "Section VI: complications following esophagectomy: early detection, treatment, and prevention." Seminars in thoracic and cardiovascular surgery. Vol. 15. No. 2. WB Saunders, 2003.
Grimminger, Peter, et al. "Diagnosis, assessment, and management of surgical complications following esophagectomy." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1434.1 (2018): 254-273.
Mboumi, Igor Wanko, Sushanth Reddy, and Anne O. Lidor. "Complications after esophagectomy." Surgical Clinics 99.3 (2019): 501-510.
Oxenberg, Jacqueline. "Prevention and management of complications from esophagectomy." Esophageal cancer and beyond. London: IntechOpen (2018): 29-47.
Imai, Takeharu, et al. "Immediate extubation after esophagectomy with three-field lymphadenectomy enables early ambulation in patients with thoracic esophageal cancer." Esophagus 15.3 (2018): 165-172.
Smith, Heather, et al. "A review and analysis of strategies for prediction, prevention and management of post-operative atrial fibrillation after non-cardiac thoracic surgery." Journal of thoracic disease 10.Suppl 32 (2018): S3799.
Vetter, Diana, and Christian A. Gutschow. "Strategies to prevent anastomotic leakage after esophagectomy and gastric conduit reconstruction." Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery (2020): 1-9.