Printable list of all neurology and neurosurgery SAQs
Management of raised ICP: sudden re-bleed following an MCA aneurysm clipping
Guillain-Barre syndrome: when to admit them to ICU
"Does this CSF look infected to you?" ... an non-infected EVD
Brain herniation and decompressive craniectomy in TBI
Spinal cord injury syndromes
Investigations for status epilepticus
Pseudobulbar palsy; Important spinal cord injury syndromes
"How is this not PRES?" A comparison of PRES and HSV encephalitis
Endovascular clot retrieval for early ischaemic stroke
Encephalitis of unknown aetiology: diagnostic workup and management
Stroke syndromes: lateral medullary syndrome
Spinal injury localisation: where's the lesion?
Causes of unconsciousness: with extensor plantar responses
Transverse myelitis: clinical features, diagnosis and treament
Cranial nerve signs: medullary infarct, CN III, bulbar palsy, mydriasis,
Pupillary signs: coma with bilateral miosis
Decompressive Craniectomy for traumatic brain injury
Posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome (PRES)
Guillian-Barré syndrome vs. acute transverse myelitis
Anterior spinal artery syndrome
Polyuria in the neurosurgical patient
Grading of subarachnoid haemorrhage severity - WFNS vs Fisher score
Evidence for nimodipine and other vasospasm-preventing therapies in SAH
Hypothermia in the management of traumatic brain injury.
Acute management of stroke in the ICU - supportive and definitive.
Management of acute high spinal cord injury
Causes of, and specific management of status epilepticus
Brain herniation: radiological and clinical features
"Neuroprotective measures" - prevention of secondary brain injury
Guillain Barre syndrome vs. something (this time, myasthenia gravis)
Pneumocephalus: specifically, tension pneumocephalus
Posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome (PRES), thanks to infliximab
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis
Examination of the pupils: three causes of coma where there is miosis
Spinal cord injury syndromes
Management of Status Epilepticus in ICU in the context of a subarachnoid haemorrhage.
Decompressive craniectomy for malignant MCA infarction; also generic management of stroke.
Intracranial pressure as a therapeutic target: advantages and disadvantages of ICP monitoring
Causes of haemorrhagic stroke and factors which influence its prognosis
Examination of the cranial nerves: CN VI
Cranial nerve lesions: CN IX, CN XII, CN VII, CN VI.
The dermatomes - "Name This Dermatome"
Clearance of the C-spine in the unconscious patient; complications of the hard collar.
Horner's Syndrome, and other features of a lateral medullary syndrome
Monitoring for vasospasm following SAH: advantages and disadvantages of diagnostic options
Definitive management options for early ischaemic stroke: indications and contra-indications.
Prevention of secondary brain injury: "Neuroprotective Measures"
Clinical features which distinguish brachial plexus lesions from ulnar nerve lesions.
Features that distinguish myopathy from neuropathy
Guillain Barre syndrome vs. something (this time, critical illness polyneuromyopathy)
Monitoring for vasospasm following SAH, as well as its prevention and management
Non-convulsive status epilepticus: definition, diagnosis, risk factors, management.
Fundoscopy: characteristic findings and their correlations with pathology.
Approach to the ICU patient with generalised weakness
The Glasgow Coma Scale in the assessment of consciousness: its utility and its limitations.
Management of raised intracranial pressure. Also, risk factors for post-traumatic seizures.
Examination of the cranial nerves: localisation of a midbrain lesion by CN III palsy.
Physical signs of cerebellar disease: only head signs, please.
Polyuria following traumatic brain injury. What has caused it?
Acute supportive management for stroke in the ICU
Clearance of the C-spine in the unconscious patient
Oculocephalic reflex (CN III, IV, VI and VIII) - what does a normal one tell you?
Horner's Syndrome; specifically, the anatomical sites where the lesion may have occurred.
The utility of the EEG in the ICU
Methods of intracranial pressure monitoring: 4 clinical signs of raised ICP.
Prognosis in severe brain injury. What determines it?
Approach to the unconscious patient in the ICU
Physiological consequences of spinal cord transection
Methods of intracranial pressure monitoring: compare the EVD and the Codman catheter.
Spinal cord injury syndromes: list 2 causes, and the clinical findings
Methods of intracranial pressure monitoring: indications for CT head before lumbar puncture.
Physical signs of cerebellar disease: ones which do not involve the limbs
A critique of cerebral perfusion pressure as a therapeutic target.
Causes of neck stiffness
Examination of eye movements: Causes of a persistent right-sided conjugate gaze deviation.
Indications for intracranial pressure monitoring
Decompressive craniectomy: indications, complications, influence on outcome.
Assessment of swallowing function in a critically ill patient
"Does this CSF look infected to you?" .. an epidural abscess
"Does this CSF look infected to you?" .. an infected EVD
Visual fields and lesions of the visual pathways (CN II)
Methods of intracranial pressure monitoring and indications for intracranial pressure monitoring
Monitoring for vasospasm following SAH: advantages and disadvantages of various techniques.
A comparison of states of persistent unconsciousness
Prognosis in moderate brain injury: ICU vs HDU admission
Polyuria following brain injury. A variation on the theme of hypernatremia
Approach to the unconscious patient in the ICU: causes of delayed awakening.
Factors which influence prognosis in severe brain injury
Prevention and management of vasospasm following SAH
Examination of the cranial nerves: pupil reactivity and diameter (in coma)
Osmotherapy for management of raised intracranial pressure: hypertonic saline.
Acute supportive management for stroke in the ICU (specifically, a brainstem stroke).
Cerebral perfusion pressure as a therapeutic target
Management of Status Epilepticus in ICU
Limitations of CT in assessment of traumatic brain injury
Approach to the ICU patient with generalised weakness: GBS, myasthenia gravis and MND.
Eponymous spinal fractures: Jefferson's, Hangman's and Clay Shoveller's.
Management of the unsecured aneurysm in subarachnoid haemorrhage: coiling vs. clipping.
Intracranial pressure as a therapeutic target
The utility of the EEG and of Somatosensory Evoked Potentials (SSEPs) in the ICU.
Approach to the unconscious patient in the ICU: SAH after clipping.
Management of raised intracranial pressure
Causes of Horner's Syndrome
Physiological consequences of spinal cord transection:
Osmotherapy for management of raised ICP: hypertonic saline versus mannitol.
The significance of persistent "hiccoughs" in a ventilated ICU patient.
Assessment of swallowing function in a critically ill patient: the effects of a tracheostomy.
Physiological consequences of spinal cord transection: diaphragmatic breathing
Acute management of spinal cord injury, with a digression regarding the role of steroids
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