(there are 120 questions in this topic)
Printable list of all respiratory medicine and mechanical ventilation SAQs
End-tidal capnograph waveform: why'd it go flat?..
Strategies to improve oxygenation in ARDS
Management of bronchopleural fistula following lobectomy
Triggering, cycling and limits in mechanical ventilation (fundamental definitions)
Patient-ventilator dyssynchrony: auto-triggering
Patient-ventilator dyssynchrony: problems with triggering
Ventilation strategies for ARDS due to inhalational (burns) injury
High flow nasal prongs (critically evaluate)
Causes and management of massive haemoptysis
The ventilated patient with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Analysis of ventilator waveforms: high airway resistance and gas trapping
Analysis of ventilator waveforms: airway secretions
Analysis of ventilator waveforms: ?
Analysis of ventilator waveforms: cardiac oscillations
Transpulmonary pressure, its uses and limitations
Causes of respiratory failure: Troubleshooting a suddenly difficult ventilation scenario
Optimal PEEP for open lung ventilation in ARDS
Use of neuromuscular junction blockers in the management of ARDS
Bronchopleural fistula: advantages and disadvantages of the various management strategies
Non-invasive mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients.
Differential diagnosis of ARDS in an AML patient receiving ATRA
Mechanisms of ventilator triggering and mechanisms of ventilator cycling
Ventilation strategies for status asthmaticus; as well as non-ventilator management
Approach to the patient suddenly impossible to ventilate
Pulmonary embolism: role of thrombolysis
Lung biopsy: indications, advantages, limitations and complications.
Ventilation strategies for ARDS
Weaning from ventilation, assessment of extubation readiness and extubation on to NIV.
Pulmonary embolism: a comparison of TTE, CTPA, troponin and D-dimers.
Management strategies for bronchopleural fistula: advantages and disadvantages
Pressure-volume and flow-volume loops
End-tidal capnometry waveform interpretation
Assessment of oxygenation from ABG data: increased dead space in PE
Hypercapneic respiratory failure: clinical features and differential diagnosis
Differential diagnosis of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates (is it ARDS?)
Non-invasive mechanical ventilation and oesophageal perforation
Ventilation strategies for status asthmaticus; intrinsic PEEP and dynamic hyperinflation
Assessment of oxygenation from ABG data: a left-shifted p50
Analysis of ventilator waveforms: bronchospasm and gas trapping
Interpretation of formal pulmonary function tests
High flow nasal prongs: mechanism of action, complications and contraindications.
Assessment of oxygenation from ABG data: hypoventilation (a normal A-a gradient)
Pulmonary embolism: critically evaluate the role of thrombolysis
Causes of respiratory failure in a patient having radiotherapy
Ventilation strategies for status asthmaticus
Methaemoglobinaemia due to dapsone
Causes of haemoptysis, and emergency management thereof.
Analysis of ventilator waveforms: secretions or rain-out condensation
Ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI or VILI)
Hypercapneic respiratory failure in a comatose fat man.
Causes of respiratory failure: differential diagnosis of ARDS
Ventilation strategies and supportive non-ventilation strategies for ARDS
End-tidal capnometry traces and analysis of ventilator waveforms
Assessment of oxygenation from ABG data: a gas taken at high altitude.
Assessment of oxygenation from ABG data: a pulmonary embolism.
Differential diagnosis for a bilateral lung infiltrate after cardiac arrest
Principles of HFOV; also Physiology of gas exchange in HFOV
Atelectasis: clinical features of complete one-sided lung collapse.
Peak pressure, plateau pressure and compliance. Also, Intrinsic PEEP.
Causes of respiratory failure: trauma patient with post-operative hypoxia
Approach to the patient suddenly impossible to ventilate due to VILI
Analysis of ventilator waveforms and pressure-volume curves.
Assessment of extubation readiness
Analysis of ventilator waveforms and flow-volume loops
Clinical features of a massive pleural effusion.
Differential diagnosis of wheeze: a patient with unilateral wheeze
Tension-based and content-based indices of oxygenation: A-a gradient vs. PaO2/FiO2
Non-invasive mechanical ventilation: complications and contraindications.
Patient-ventilator dyssynchrony: autotriggering in a totally braindead patient
Management of massive haemoptysis
Intrinsic PEEP and dynamic hyperinflation: characteristic ventilator waveforms.
Troubleshooting suddenly difficult ventilation
Tension-based and content-based indices of oxygenation: PaO2 vs. SpO2
Intrinsic PEEP and dynamic hyperinflation: causes, consequences and management.
Inhaled and systemic pulmonary vasodilators for ARDS: nitric oxide
Outcomes in adult ARDS
Causes of respiratory failure
Ventilation strategies for COPD: assessment of the severity of COPD
Ventilation strategies for COPD
Lung biopsy: specifically, indications for open lung biopsy
Causes and management of methaemoglobinaemia.
Pulmonary embolism: massive and sub-massive.
Non-invasive mechanical ventilation: indications, contraindications, evidence for use
Prone ventilation for ARDS: advantages, disadvantages, evidence.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy
Ventilator-associated lung injury
Prone ventilation for ARDS: specifically, effects on oxygenation.
Ventilation strategies for ARDS: significance of the tidal volume
Intrinsic PEEP and dynamic hyperinflation: causes, consequences and management
Ventilation strategies for status asthmaticus: The role of NIV in asthma.
The oxygen-haemoglobin dissociation curve: causes and consequences of a right shift.
Chest physiotherapy in the ICU: what is the rationale for it
Ventilation strategies for COPD: intubated patient
Ventilation strategies for COPD: futile ventilation for severe lung disease
Ventilation strategies for COPD: pathophysiology of emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
Ventilation strategies for COPD: weaning mechanical ventilation
Obstructive Sleep Apnoea: long term complications.
Atelectasis in a comatose fat man.
Weaning from mechanical ventilation: a high C-spine quadriplegic
Non-invasive mechanical ventilation: indications and contraindications.
Weaning from mechanical ventilation in a patient with a high spinal cord injury
Pulmonary embolism: management options