Describe and or illustrate the anatomy relevant to the insertion of an arterial line into the femoral artery
The femoral artery lies in the femoral triangle. Candidates were expected to describe
the content of the triangle. The upper medial and lateral borders of the triangle, the
anterior and the posterior relationships of the femoral artery should also be
described. The femoral artery is an extension of the external iliac artery and has an
important branch, the profunda femoris artery which comes off on the lateral side.
Diagrams gained marks as did mention of common anatomical landmarks to locate
the artery. Candidates who failed did not have enough knowledge. Description of
how to place an arterial line gained no marks.
References: Grays Anatomy pages 379,526-27,587,497