Describe the cardiovascular changes during pregnancy.
Many candidates' answers included respiratory and other systems (e.g. endocrine) when only
cardiovascular changes were asked for. Candidates are reminded to read the questions carefully. Poor
candidates lacked detail of the progressive changes through the trimesters. Changes during (and
immediately post) labour and delivery were often overlooked. This is listed as a core topic within the
syllabus, that is readily covered by most physiology texts and candidates are expected to have a very
sound knowledge of it.