Describe the cardiovascular changes during pregnancy.

[Click here to toggle visibility of the answers]

College Answer

Many candidates' answers included respiratory and other systems (e.g. endocrine) when only 
cardiovascular changes were asked for. Candidates are reminded to read the questions carefully. Poor 
candidates lacked detail of the progressive changes through the trimesters. Changes during (and 
immediately post) labour and delivery were often overlooked. This is listed as a core topic within the 
syllabus, that is readily covered by most physiology texts and candidates are expected to have a very 
sound knowledge of it.