Outline the motor and sensory pathways involved in withdrawing the lower limb from a painful stimulus.
It was expected that candidates would outline both motor and sensory pathways and mention
a reflex arc and conscious pathways
It seems disingenuous to expand on the question "outline the motor and sensory pathways" by explaining that candidates were expected to "outline both motor and sensory pathways".
Derderian, Celena, and Prasanna Tadi. "Physiology, withdrawal response." StatPearls [Internet] (2019).
J.A. Simpson, W. Fitch, "Chapter 17 - Reflex activity". Applied Neurophysiology, Butterworth-Heinemann, 1988
Almeida, Tatiana F., Suely Roizenblatt, and Sergio Tufik. "Afferent pain pathways: a neuroanatomical review." Brain research 1000.1-2 (2004): 40-56.