Describe the factors that determine right and left ventricular afterload.
This is a big question and required some structure to cover the material required. A Definition of
afterload, factors specific to left ventricle, right ventricle and both were required. The question
asked to describe and not merely list factors affecting afterload.
Marks were not given for describing pathologies rather than physiological processes that affect
afterload. Candidates seemed to lack depth and understanding on this topic.