Describe the consequences of mild hypothermia in the early post-operative setting.
A well organised answer would provide details on domains of physiology, pharmacology and
“other”, such as patient centred effects. Few answers mentioned pharmacology. Providing a
definition of “mild” was often overlooked but doing so assisted a focused answer. Many answers
spread beyond “mild” hypothermia or address the “causes” rather than the consequence –
neither of which gained marks as they were not answering the question asked.
Endocrine and metabolic consequences
Acid-base changes: alkalosis and hypocapnea
Central nervous system effects
Wong, K. C. "Physiology and pharmacology of hypothermia." Western Journal of Medicine 138.2 (1983): 227.
Polderman, Kees H. "Application of therapeutic hypothermia in the intensive care unit." Intensive care medicine 30.5 (2004): 757-769.
Polderman, Kees H. "Mechanisms of action, physiological effects, and complications of hypothermia." Critical care medicine 37.7 (2009): S186-S202.