Question 1

Describe the surface anatomy of the anterior neck (30% of marks) and the underlying structures relevant to performing a tracheostomy (70% of marks).

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College Answer

Answers required a description of the surface anatomy outlining the midline structures including the hyoid bone and cartilages. The tissue layers should have been mentioned as should the relevant tracheal anatomy. The anterior, posterior and lateral relations of the trachea should also have been included along with the relevant nerves and blood vessels. Diagrams were not essential but could have been included.

Candidates should note that marks were not awarded for a description of how to perform a tracheostomy