Describe the pharmacology of lignocaine.

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College Answer

Comprehensive answers included uses (including antiarrhythmic action and a role in analgesia), physical properties and preparations, pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. Its mode of action should also have been described. Many candidates focussed on toxicity and its management but provided little information on pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics, commonly omitting factors which affect its systemic absorption. Other common omissions were the dose required for its local anaesthetic effect and for its antiarrhythmic effect.