Classify circulatory shock and provide examples (40% of marks). Outline the cardiovascular responses (60% of marks).
Answers should have included the various types of shock and provided clear examples. Cardiovascular responses including sensor, integrator, effector mechanisms were necessary to pass
|Hypotension||Baroreceptors||Nucleus of the solitary tract||
|Decreased VO2||Aortic arch chemoreceptors||Nucleus of the solitary tract|
|Decreased circulatory volume||Atrium (atrial myocytes)||
|Renal juxtaglomerular cells||
|Inadequate tissue perfusion||Vascular smooth muscle and endothelium||
Antonelli, Massimo, et al. "Hemodynamic monitoring in shock and implications for management." Intensive care medicine 33.4 (2007): 575-590.
Standl, Thomas, et al. "The nomenclature, definition and distinction of types of shock." Deutsches Ärzteblatt International 115.45 (2018): 757.
Thal, Alan P., and John M. Kinney. "On the definition and classification of shock." Progress in cardiovascular Diseases 9.6 (1967): 527-557.