Outline the pharmacology of intravenously administered magnesium sulphate.

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College Answer

Overall answers were well structured. However, a lack of detail and inaccurate pharmacokinetics was common. Better answers included a discussion of the mechanism of action of Mg++ including Ca++ antagonism, presynaptic cholinergic effects and NMDA receptor antagonism. Adverse effects were not discussed in detail by many candidates and contraindications were commonly omitted.