Non-invasive oscillometric vs. invasive arterial blood pressure monitoring
Viscosity, density and their consequences
Damping and resonance
Difference between proximal and distal arterial line waveforms
Methods of temperature measurement.
Principles of electrocardiography
Principles of measurement of end-tidal CO2.
Resonance and damping in arterial blood pressure monitoring
Principles of ABG measurement (various electrodes)
Principles underlying pulse oximetry.
Principles of oxygen saturation measurement using a pulse oximeter.
Resonance and damping in invasive arterial blood pressure monitoring
Principles of ECG monitoring and methods of ECG artifact reduction
Pharmacology of vasoactive agents: noradrenaline and vasopressin
ECG and the cardiac cycle; also the ECG effects of digoxin and amiodarone
Measurement of cardiac output using an indicator dilution technique
Basic principles of ultrasound imaging
Measurement of EtCO2
Principles of pulse oximetry
End-tidal CO2 measurement: causes of the EtCO2-PaCO2 gap
Principles of ultrasound imaging — including the Doppler Effect.
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