Physiological response to hypoxia
Carriage of carbon dioxide in blood
Diffusion of oxygen across the alveolar membrane
Control of ventilation
Carbon dioxide carriage in the blood
The oxygen cascade
Carriage of oxygen in the blood; carriage of CO2 in the blood. Compare, etc.
Mechanisms of humidification (mechanical and anatomical)
Surfactant: its composition and effect on lung mechanics
Pharmacology of CO2: physiological consequences of hypercapnea
Physiology of preoxygenation with 100% FiO2
Functional anatomy of the respiratory system: the diaphragm
CO2 content in mixed venous blood
Pharmacology of inhaled pulmonary vasodilators
Causes of hypoxia - post operative causes, specifically
Muscles involved in respiration
Physics of humidification
Physiological consequences of decreasing Functional Residual Capacity (FRC)
Determinants of oxygen delivery to the tissues.
Physiological effects of PEEP
West's zones of the lung
Structure and function of the alveolus.
Production of CO2
Pharmacology of oxygen
End-tidal CO2 measurement: causes of the EtCO2-PaCO2 gap
Physiological consequences of PEEP.
Factors that affect airway resistance
Physiological consequences of Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP).
Effects of V/Q mismatch on PaO2 and PaCO2
Pharmacology of drugs used to treat asthma
Physiological differences between myoglobin and haemoglobin
Inotropes: adrenaline vs. milrinone.
Oxygen carriage in the blood
Pharmacology of the drugs used to treat asthma
Factors that affect pulmonary arterial pressure
Factors that affect airways resistance
Factors that affect the diffusion of O2 and CO2 in the lung
Anatomy of the lower respiratory tract: trachea and bronchi
Functional residual capacity, and how it is measured.
Oxyhaemoglobin dissociation curve and the factors that may alter it.
Control of alveolar ventilation.
Structure and function of the diaphragm
CO2 content in mixed venous blood.
Physiological control of respiratory rate
Pharmacology of agents used to treat asthma
The concept of "dead space" in respiratory physiology
The oxygen content of mixed venous blood
Gas exchange at altitude, and physiological adaptation to it.
Pulmonary vascular resistance
Mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance
Effects of V/Q mismatch on oxygenation
Respiratory volumes of a child
Functional Residual Capacity (FRC) and its measurement
Physiological effects of ventilation / perfusion inequalities
Oxygen content of mixed venous blood
Physiological factors which influence respiratory rate
Interpretation of pulmonary function tests (using severe COPD as a model)
Differences between the systemic circulation and the pulmonary circulation.
Consequences of a decreased FRC
Respiratory compliance and the factors that affect it
Factors that affect mixed venous PO2
The EtCO2 - PaCO2 gap
Non-respiratory functions of the lung.
Factors affecting airway resistance
Physiological consequences of hypoxia: acid-base changes
Lung compliance: its determinants
Pharmacology of asthma drugs: β-2 agonists, steroids, magnesium, etc
Central control of ventilation
Respiratory changes in morbid obesity.
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