Cardiovascular effects of positive pressure ventilation
The effects of ageing on the respiratory system
Role of carbon dioxide in the control of alveolar ventilation.
Salbutamol vs. ipratropium bromide
Physiological response to hypoxaemia
Carriage of carbon dioxide in the blood
End-tidal CO2 measurement: causes of the EtCO2-PaCO2 gap
Definition of dead space; measurement of dead space; consequences of dead space.
Carriage of oxygen in the blood
Functional Residual Capacity (FRC) and its measurement
Respiratory volumes of a child
Effects of V/Q mismatch on oxygenation
The EtCO2 - PaCO2 gap
Factors that affect mixed venous PO2
Respiratory compliance and the factors that affect it
Consequences of a decreased FRC
Differences between the systemic circulation and the pulmonary circulation.
Structure and function of the lower airway
Factors that affect the diffusion of O2 and CO2 in the lung
Factors that affect airways resistance
Factors that affect pulmonary arterial pressure
Pharmacology of the drugs used to treat asthma
Structure and function of the alveolus.
West's zones of the lung
Physiological effects of PEEP
Determinants of oxygen delivery to the tissues.
CO2 content in mixed venous blood.
Structure and function of the diaphragm
Control of alveolar ventilation.
Oxyhaemoglobin dissociation curve and the factors that may alter it.
Functional residual capacity, and how it is measured.
The oxygen cascade
Carbon dioxide carriage in the blood
Control of ventilation
Physiological differences between myoglobin and haemoglobin
Pharmacology of oxygen
Pharmacology of drugs used to treat asthma
Effects of V/Q mismatch on PaO2 and PaCO2
Physiological consequences of Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP).
Factors affecting airway resistance
Non-respiratory functions of the lung.
Central control of ventilation
Pharmacology of CO2: physiological consequences of hypercapnea
Surfactant: its composition and effect on lung mechanics
Humidification of the respiratory tract and methods of active humidification
Carriage of oxygen in the blood; carriage of CO2 in the blood. Compare, etc.
Diffusion of oxygen across the alveolar membrane
Carriage of carbon dioxide in blood
Physiological response to hypoxia
Interpretation of pulmonary function tests (using severe COPD as a model)
Pharmacology of inhaled pulmonary vasodilators
CO2 content in mixed venous blood
Functional anatomy of the respiratory system: the diaphragm
Physiology of preoxygenation with 100% FiO2
Physiological consequences of decreasing Functional Residual Capacity (FRC)
Physics of humidity
Muscles involved in respiration
Causes of hypoxia - post operative causes, specifically
The concept of "dead space" in respiratory physiology
Pharmacology of agents used to treat asthma
Physiological control of respiratory rate
Pulmonary vascular resistance
Gas exchange at altitude, and physiological adaptation to it.
The oxygen content of mixed venous blood
Factors that affect airway resistance
Physiological consequences of PEEP.
Respiratory changes in morbid obesity.
Physiological factors which influence respiratory rate
Oxygen content of mixed venous blood
Physiological effects of ventilation / perfusion inequalities
Pharmacology of asthma drugs: β-2 agonists, steroids, magnesium, etc
Lung compliance: its determinants
Physiological consequences of hypoxia: acid-base changes
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