This is an analysis of urine from a patient on the intensive care unit:

  • Glucose negative
  • Ketones trace
  • pH 6.0
  • urobilinogen moderate
  • Specific gravity >1.030

You will be asked to comment upon these findings In this viva candidates were asked to explain the physiological basis to the urinanlysis provided above. Further knowledge was sought in reference to ketones and ketone body generation and metabolism, generation of urobilinogen and significance of specific gravity.