This viva will test your knowledge of cardiac physiology and blood pressure measurement.
Outline the factors that affect cardiac output.
This viva tested the candidates’ knowledge of cardiovascular physiology, specifically determinants of
cardiac output, ventricular stroke work, volume loops, etc. It also tested knowledge of invasive arterial
pressure measurement, including that relating to ideal design features of measuring systems and sources and types of errors of measurement. Candidates seemed to only have a superficial understanding of cardiac output and it’s determinants, they lacked depth in their explanations and were less familiar with right sided heart pressures and function.
Measurement principles were much better covered.