CICM First Part Exam Revision Notes and Questions
|Cardiovascular system||134 SAQs|
|Respiratory system||101 SAQs|
|Nervous system||73 SAQs|
|Haematological system||41 SAQs|
|Renal system||33 SAQs|
|Body fluids and electrolytes||31 SAQs|
|Gastrointestinal System||22 SAQs|
|Endocrine System||21 SAQs|
|Procedural anatomy||20 SAQs|
|Musculoskeletal system||19 SAQs|
|Research methods and statistics||16 SAQs|
|Principles of measurement and monitoring||15 SAQs|
|Nutrition and Metabolism||14 SAQs|
|Autonomic nervous system||13 SAQs|
|Liver physiology||13 SAQs|
|Variability in drug response||11 SAQs|
|Acid base physiology||11 SAQs|
|Immunology and Host Defence||10 SAQs|
|Cellular Physiology||7 SAQs|
CICM Second Part Exam Revision Notes and Questions
|Infectious Disease Antibiotics and Sepsis||165 SAQs|
|Respiratory Medicine and Mechanical Ventilation||147 SAQs|
|Acid-Base Disorders||144 SAQs|
|Neurology and Neurosurgery||130 SAQs|
|Haematology and Oncology||123 SAQs|
|Equipment and Procedures||93 SAQs|
|Trauma, Burns, Drowning||72 SAQs|
|Cardiac Arrest and Resuscitation||70 SAQs|
|Renal Failure and Dialysis||64 SAQs|
|Miscellaneous Topics||64 SAQs|
|Cardiothoracic Intensive Care||64 SAQs|
|Pharmacology and Toxicology||63 SAQs|
|Endocrinology Metabolism and Nutrition||62 SAQs|
|Gastroenterology and Hepatology||61 SAQs|
|Electrolytes and Fluids||45 SAQs|
|Statistics and Interpretation of Evidence||44 SAQs|
|Airway Management||35 SAQs|
|Administration and Data Management||31 SAQs|
|Pregnancy, Obstetrics and Gynaecology||29 SAQs|
|Neonatal and Paediatric Problems||22 SAQs|
|Communication and Ethics||17 SAQs|
Tuesday, March 7 (2023); Cardiac Arrest and Resuscitation
Circulatory determination of death basically requires no arterial pulse for five minutes, as well as other findings associated with death (i.e. unresponsiveness and apnoea). "Donation after circulatory determination of death" is the name we have currently settled on after "donation after cardiac death", "donation after circulatory death" and "non-heartbeating organ donation" have receded into history.
Sunday, February 19 (2023); Neurology and Neurosurgery
Myasthenia gravis has appeared in the exam mainly as a foil for Guillain-Barre syndrome, but has more recently graduated to become an SAQ topic all of its own. Historical appearances have included:
Tuesday, February 14 (2023); Endocrinology Metabolism and Nutrition
This is a summary of trials and guidelines related to metabolism nutrition and endocrinology, aimed at the CICM Part 2 exam candidate. The objective was to list the important studies, link to an authoritative analysis, and produce a pithy one-liner to help remember the main points.
Wednesday, February 15 (2023); Infectious Disease Antibiotics and Sepsis
Empyema is a purulent collection of pleural fluid that usually originates from a parapneumonic pleural effusion. The mainstay of therapy is drainage by thoracostomy or decortication, as well as long-term antibiotics. All drainage options have their advantages and disadvantages, mostly related to the difficulty in extracting the viscous infected fluid from a cavity that is potentially multiloculated and full of fibrin.
Saturday, February 18 (2023); Neurology and Neurosurgery
This is a summary of trials and guidelines related to neurology and neurosurgery, aimed at the CICM Part 2 exam candidate. The objective was to list the important studies, link to an authoritative analysis, and produce a pithy one-liner to help remember the main points.
Sunday, February 12 (2023); Infectious Disease Antibiotics and Sepsis
This is a summary of sepsis and infectious diseases trials and guidelines, aimed at the CICM Part 2 exam candidate. The objective was to list the important studies, link to an authoritative analysis, and produce a pithy one-liner to help remember the main points.
Friday, January 13 (2023); Musculoskeletal system
The tension generated by a sarcomere depends on the length of the sarcomere, and there is an optimal length at which tension is maximal, which in humans is ~2.7 µm. This is because of filament interactions: the greater the overlap between actin and myosin, the greater the force of contraction. As the filaments are pulled apart further, fewer of them are in contact, and less force can be generated. When the filaments lose contact altogether, the tension generated by the muscle is zero.
Friday, December 30 (2022); Musculoskeletal system
Excitation-contraction coupling is the series of events that link the sarcolemma action potential to muscle contraction and relaxation. It consists of several steps: action potential arrival, opening of voltage-gated calcium channels, release of calcium from the sarcoplasmic reticulum in response to this, and calcium-mediated disinhibition of regulatory proteins that control the mechanical act of myosin-actin crossbridge cycling. To relax, all the calcium must be returned to its stores in the sarcoplasmic reticulum.
Saturday, January 7 (2023); Musculoskeletal system
The neuromuscular junction is a synapse for the transmission of a signal from the motor nerve terminal to a postsynaptic region on the muscle fibre. It is the archetypal synapse, in the sense that it is so easy to identify and study that a lot of our understanding of synaptic neurotransmission comes from studies of neuromuscular synapses. The main molecular protagonist is acetylcholine, and it has a very short role with no lines. Within one millisecond it is degraded by acetylcholinesterase, the target of many interesting drugs (neostigmine, organophosphates, nerve gases and nootropic agents).
Sunday, November 27 (2022); Musculoskeletal system
The motor unit is the smallest functional unit of the motor nervous system, and consists of a single spinal alpha motor neuron and all the muscle fibres it innervates.
Monday, January 2 (2023); Musculoskeletal system
Muscle tissue is classified into striated (skeletal and cardiac) vs smooth muscle tissue according to the arrangement of the contractile proteins, or lack thereof. Striated muscle organises actin and myosin into sarcomeres where these proteins are regularly spaced, whereas in smooth muscle these elements are organised into a more flexible arrangement that favours a larger range of possible lengths.
Monday, March 13 (2023); Respiratory Medicine and Mechanical Ventilation
APRV has never come up in the CICM exams, and may never come up, because it would be unfair to test the candidates on something even the examiners themselves have little understanding of. It is a promising but poorly researched strategy that maximises alveolar recruitment and embodies the main principles of open-lung ventilation for ARDS.
Sunday, October 23 (2022); Respiratory system
The power of ventilation is defined as the work over time, and is normally 2-3 J/min. All other lung-protective strategies (low tidal volumes, low driving pressures) are ultimately all aspects of the same equation, i.e. all these strategies converge in their aim to reduce the power of mechanical ventilation
Sunday, October 23 (2022); Renal Failure and Dialysis
Dialysis for the severely hyponatremic patient can be a) avoided, b) delayed, c) underdosed, or d) performed with a "hacked" set of dialysate bags which have been altered to contain a lower concentration of sodium. Another option, which is easier and less satisfying, is to administer free water systemically in the form of 5% dextrose.